|1. Evidence based practice is one of the desired practices for APN. Their practice depends on 7 core competences ;
· direct clinical practice,
· expert coaching and advice, (COOKE et al., 2008)
· research skills,
· clinical and professional leadership,
· collaboration, and
· ethical decision making(Thomas & Kleinpell, 2012)
|2. Unlike registered nurses APRNs are have had a graduate level of degree(Vega, 2021). They can assume four core roles;
· certified nurse-midwife (CNM),
· certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA), clinical nurse specialist (CNS), and(RegisteredNursing, 2021)
· nurse practitioner (NP)
|3. Hamrics defined an integrative model that defines the different roles of APRN. This helps creates an understanding on the diverse functions of APRNs in health care.
||4. With the rise in the prevalence of chronic illness and multimorbidity, there is need for acuity in care. APN workforce is greatly associated with quality care. The APN roles should be implemented at emergency and critical care areas for quality patient outcomes (Woo et al., 2017). Proper utilization of workforce reduces the high demand of health care services(Htay & Whitehead, 2021).
||5. Role of incongruity describes intrarole conflict between skills and abilities and the role of APN (Hamric et al., 2013). Due to shortage of health care professionals, it is common for APNs to be given roles that they have not specialized in (Brykczynski, n.d.).
COOKE, L., GEMMILL, R., & GRANT, M. (2008). Advanced Practice Nurses Core Competencies. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 22(5), 218-225. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.nur.0000325366.15927.2d
Thomas, A., & Kleinpell, R. (2012). Nursing practice core competencies. Cdn.ymaws.com.