605 Refrande SM, Silva RMCRA, Pereira ER, Silva MA, Teixeira ER, Trasmontano OS. Intersubjectivity in nursing student’s care of hospitalised infants: a phenomenological study. Online braz j nurs [internet] 2016 Dec [cited year month day]; 15 (4):605-610. Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/5342
Intersubjectivity in nursing student’s care of hospitalised infants: a phenomenological study Sueli Maria Refrande1, Rose Mary Costa Rosa Andrade Silva¹, Eliane Ramos Pereira¹, Marcos Andrade Silva1, Enéas Rangel Teixeira1, Patrícia da Silva Trasmontano1
1 Federal Fluminense University
ABSTRACT Aim: to understand what the nursing student participants experienced when taking part in a theoretical- practical course focused on the subject of infant health. Method: this was a phenomenological study, based on the theoretical framework of Maurice Merleau-Ponty. This study was carried out using a qualitative approach. The participants were 30 undergraduate nursing students who were, at the time, in the eighth semester of the course. Results: students can be found everyday in different environments and with the children’s family members. Once they allow themselves to be dazzled by the children, they are under their watching eyes and of their family members. Then, the phenomenon occurs, creating the following categories: intersubjectivity as a relationship between students and infants and the intersubjectivity and empathy experienced while caring for children. Practical implications: the implementation of theoretical knowledge in practice will strengthen strategies such as empathy, leading to the establishment of an intersubjective involvement for those caring for infants. Conclusion: the relation of intersubjectivity is established between students and infants due to the student entering the child version of reality.
606 Refrande SM, Silva RMCRA, Pereira ER, Silva MA, Teixeira ER, Trasmontano OS. Intersubjectivity in nursing student’s care of hospitalised infants: a phenomenological study. Online braz j nurs [internet] 2016 Dec [cited year month day]; 15 (4):605-610. Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/5342
Current knowledge? Empathy and involvement with infants.
Contribution to knowled- ge?
Empathy and involvement as unique dimensions in the student-hospitalised infant relationship.
The aim of the study was to understand the lived experiences of nursing students dur- ing the theoretical-practical teaching of the subject of infant health. The study aimed to un- derstand these experiences using a qualitative approach based on the theoretical framework of Merleau-Ponty. The study sought to fully understand the experience of people in their lived world.
In Merleau-Pontian phenomenology, peo- ple perceive the world in different ways and the theory argues that perception “is not a science of the world, it is not even an act, a deliberate taking up of a position; it is the background from which all acts stand out, and is presup- posed by them”(1:6). Thus, perception is, first and foremost, the act of placing yourself before the world, a way of looking at yourself based on what you are and how you live.
The study participants were 30 under- graduate nursing students enrolled in a private higher education institution located in the city of Niterói, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The inclu- sion criteria were students who were in the eight semester of the nursing course; the students were also required to be supervised interns at a local hospital, as part of studying paediatrics
and neonatology. The exclusion criteria were students who did not work directly in childcare.
For data collection, the phenomenologi- cal interview method was chosen as it offered flexibility while collecting data about the study participants(2). Data collection occurred be – tween February and March 2013. The interviews were scheduled with each participant and took place on the university campus. The interviews followed a set of open questions guided by the following question: what have been your lived experiences during the theoretical-practical teaching of the subject of infant health?
The interviews were audio recorded (with participants’ permission) and fully transcribed. The data were analysed using Giorgi’s phenom- enology approach(3) , which is one of the most well-known and most often used methods in the field of phenomenological psychology. The goal was to obtain “units of meaning” (themes or topics) included in the descriptions, which would reveal the phenomenon’s structure. This process involved four steps. The first was general reading (the researchers had to feel comfortable with the material and had to read it as many times as it was necessary) and the second was the determination of the meaning of each unit (because the material could not be analysed at once it was divided into smaller parts). Once the meaning units were outlined, the researcher indicated more directly what was included in the units and the researcher converted the study subject’s everyday lan- guage into a more appropriate language. Finally, the researcher combined the meaning units with the study subject’s experience.
Giorgi(3) has argued that hardly any re- search can be conducted with only one study subject. The more study subjects a study has, the better the researcher will be able to see the essential findings and the more variables he will find. Therefore, the meaning units that had con-
607 Refrande SM, Silva RMCRA, Pereira ER, Silva MA, Teixeira ER, Trasmontano OS. Intersubjectivity in nursing student’s care of hospitalised infants: a phenomenological study. Online braz j nurs [internet] 2016 Dec [cited year month day]; 15 (4):605-610. Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br/index.php/nursing/article/view/5342
tent were identified and then the comprehen- sion of the student’s perceptive experience in the theoretical-practical teaching of the subject of infant health was determined. These units were investigated in light of Merleau-Ponty’s theoretical framework. The research followed the ethical precepts of Resolution 466/12. The study was approved under ruling number 162.518, on 12/04/2012, by the Universidade Federal Fluminense (Fluminense Federal Uni- versity) research ethics committee.