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CMRJ306 Final Exam burglary target

Discuss the three items offenders apparently tend to pay attention to when evaluating a potential burglary target. Also, discuss findings pertaining to burglary offender’s gender, age, and motivation, per (Santtila, Ritvanen,& Mokros,2004).

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Understanding a criminal and criminal mindset is an extremely crucial part of criminology. It allows officers to answer question like: How the offender chooses its victims? Orin the case of a burglary, how the offender picks its target to burglarize?Santtila, Ritvanen and Mokros (2004) give us the perfect insight through the study theyconducted on burglars and their targets of choice. Santtila et al. (2004) explains that most of theburglaries that occur are planned, which means the burglars themselves are rational thinking.That means that burglaries are rarely committing crimes without thinking, planning or evaluatingthe risk vs gain factors. Therefore there are three different “clues” that stand out with one looksinto the study of burglaries: (1) The risk of being seen, (2) The presence of inhabitants and (3)The ease of gaining access to the home or apartment. Burglars want to get in an out quick, whenthe possibility of getting caught is very low and when the home is empty, preferably. Sometimesthis does not happen and burglars get caught inside or find people inside the home.Many burglars start their journey into the criminal world by following and learning fromsomeone close to them. They begin by committing these crimes by “necessity” or to solveanother problem. The other problem is usually the need to obtain drugs. According to Santtila etal (2004) 90 to 95 per cent of burglars are male and 80 percent are unmarried. Most which startedtheir criminal careers at an early age and then fending out for themselves as they see the benefitin profits of working alone. Women only play the role of a look out or minor role and begin theircriminal careers much older than the average 21 through 25 year old male. In conclusion males are the ones who start their criminal careers off early. Mostly because they want to funds for drug us and like the adrenaline rush that comes with not getting caught. Many learn the trades from someone they know who has more experience and eventually begin to fend for themselves as it becomes more profitable. They tend to use a route and look for homes or places to burglarize within that route as to not go out of their way. Essentially burglarsare critical thinker that slip up and end up behind bars.
Reference:
Santtila, P., Ritvanen, A., & Mokros, A. (2004). Predicting burglar characteristics from crime scene behaviour. International Journal Of Police Science & Management, 6(3), 136-154.

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