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PHL 2350, Philosophies of World Religions 1

PHL 2350, Philosophies of World Religions 1

Course Learning Outcomes for Unit VI Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:

4. Examine how religious beliefs are expressed through engagement in the faith. 4.1 Articulate key terms, events, and persons from Judaism and Christianity. 4.2 Characterize how an individual expresses religious belief through faith.


Course/Unit Learning Outcomes

Learning Activity


Unit Lesson Chapter 7, pp. 269–320 Chapter 8, pp. 325–385 Unit VI Assessment


Unit Lesson Chapter 7, pp. 269–320 Chapter 8, pp. 325–385 Unit VI Assessment


Reading Assignment Chapter 7: Judaism, pp. 269–320 Chapter 8: Christianity, pp. 325–385

Unit Lesson Unit VI Overview As we enter Unit VI, you will be introduced to Judaism and Christianity (found in Chapters 7 and 8 in your textbook, respectively). We now turn our attention away from Africa, Asia, and the Pacific to the Middle East. We begin our discussion with Judaism, its theology, and rituals. Then, we will study how Christianity came about as an offshoot of Judaism to form its own religion yet keep its ties with Judaism. Maintaining this relationship with Judaism is crucial to Christianity’s evolution as both a religion and a cultural influence on Europe and the Americas. As you work your way through these two chapters on Judaism and Christianity, it would be helpful to keep the following questions in mind:

1. What similarities in worldview do Christianity and Judaism share? 2. What is the historical development of Judaism and Christianity? 3. How did both the Old Testament and New Testament gain authority in Christianity?

Introduction to Judaism Judaism is an Abrahamic religion, meaning that it began with Abraham as he sought to establish a commitment and covenant to God. Around the second millennium BCE, Abraham entered into a covenantal relationship with God, thereby establishing a relationship between humanity and the divine that still exists to this day among both Jews and Christians (Deming, 2015). Judaism is a monotheistic faith. This means that Judaism recognizes only one God—as we find in the Bible and the Torah in Exodus 20:1-3 where God commands the Israelites not to have any other gods before Him. This is the first of the Ten Commandments revealed to Moses. What is important here is that this first commandment is the foundation around which Jewish and Christian theology is built. Also, this first


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